Ischemic heart disease (7.2 million die every year)
This disease is more common in man specially those who have close relatives with ischemic heart disease. It reduces blood supply to heart muscle. The risk increase with age, smoking, hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol levels), diabetes, hypertension. Common symptoms of ischemic heart disease are Angina pectoris (chest pain), acute chest pain, and heart failure. ECG/EKG, X-ray and blood test are used to diagnose. This disease can be prevented by control of cholesterol levels, smoking and high blood pressure.
Cerebrovascular disease (5.5 million die every year)
The term ‘Cerebrovascular Disease’ is used to describe cognitive problems that are associated with problems in the circulation of the blood to the brain (cerebrovascular disease). The term ‘Multi Infarct Dementia’ is sometimes used to refer to this condition. Having a Cerebrovascular disease increases your risk of having a stroke, which occurs when there is a sudden blockage, or rupture, of a blood vessel within the brain. dizziness, nausea, vomiting, severe headaches, head pressure, numbness within the limbs, slurred speech, vision loss, loss of coordination and the ability to walk. Are the symptoms of cerebrovascular.
Respiratory tract infection (3.9 million die every year)
3.9 million People die every year due to low respiratory infection. Respiratory tract term is used to describe all the parts of the body that are involved in helping a person to breathe. Which are further divided into two categories; upper respiratory tract consist of nose, sinuses, mouth, throat, pharynx, larynx while the common upper respiratory infections are common cold, sore throat, tonsillitis, sinusitis and laryngitis. Lower respiratory tract consist of trachea, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli. Bronchitis and pneumonia are main infections of lower respiratory tract infection.
HIV/AIDS (2.8 million people die every year)
AIDS stand for Acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is a disease of human immune system caused by a virus called HIV or human immunodeficiency virus. Researchers claimed that HIV originated from west-central Africa that kills 2.8 million people each year while approximately 33-40 million people world wide are infected by HIV.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2.7 million people die every year)
COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is mostly cause by gas or tobacco smoking. In which airways become narrow that leads to limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs causing shortness of breath. Lung function test is recommended to diagnose CODP. In order to slow down the progress of CODP one should reducing use of Tobacco. Other treatments are vaccinations, rehabilitation, and drug therapy.