Mount Everest (8,848m)
Mount Everest is tallest mountain on the earth. It is in the range of Mahalangur Himal, Himalaya, located between borders of Nepal and Tibet, China. Surprisingly many names were used for Mount Everest and still are. In Nepali language it is called Sagarmatha while in Tibetan it is called Chomolungma. Peak XV name was used by The Great Trigonometric Survey of India when they first measured the height of Everest in 1856. Finally Everest name was given in 1865 by the Royal Geographical Society upon recommendation of Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. On 29 May 1953 Sir Edmund Percival Hillary (in the age of 33) and Tenzing Norgay (age 39) climb over Everest.
K2 lies in range of Karakoram on the border between the Xinjiang, China and Gilgit, in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. With the highest peak of 8,611 meter makes it 2nd highest mountain of the world. The first serious attempt to climb K2 was undertaken in 1902 by Oscar Eckenstein and Aleister Crowley via the Northeast Ridge. Many attempts were made to claim over and finally two Italian mountaineers Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli successfully claimed over on 31 July 1954. K2 was the 2nd highest mountain of the Karakoram Range that’s why it was named K2 by Thomas Montgomerie who was member of European survey team.
Kangchenjunga is 3rd highest mountain in the world. Kangchenjunga (The Five Treasures of Snows) located on the border between India and Nepal. Two British mountiner Joe Brown and George Band successfully claimed the mountain on May 25, 1955. Kangchenjunga is known for its famous views from the hill station of Darjeeling. On a clear day, it presents an image not as much of a mountain but of a white wall hanging from the sky
8,561 m height makes it 4rth highest mountain of the world. Lhotse located on the border between Nepal and China in Himalaya Range. 1955 was the year when first few attempts were made by European climbers. Then later in 1956, two Swiss claimber Fritz Luchsinger, Ernst Reiss successfully reached the main summit.
Makalu Mountain located in the range of Himalaya, on the borders between Nepal and China. 8,485m height makes it 5th height mountain of the world while 4rth height of Nepal. Beside its height, Makalu is also famous for it s four-sided pyramid shape. Many well known claimers including Sir Edmund Hillary (who claimed Everest in 1953) were unsuccessful in their attempts until two Frenchmen Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy who claimed on May 15, 1955.
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